Benefits of Canadian Ginseng

Unlike Korean Ginseng, which is hot, Canadian Ginseng is cool, can be used by people with high blood pressure (with appropriate doses), people with gout can use it. Canadian ginseng is called the miracle of nature by the Chinese, and here are the uses of ginseng that are recorded in pharmacology and Chinese medical literature:

Ingredients of Canadian Ginseng

  • Contains 6 types of panaxoside: R0,Rb1,Rb2,Rc,Re,Rd
  • Contains 18 kinds of amino acids

Although there are only 6 types of panaxoside, the content contained in ginseng root is very high.

Benefits of Canadian Ginseng

5 groups of uses of canadian ginseng for the health of users:

Nerve  

  • Against aging

     

  • Anti-stress, anti-fatigue

     

  • Calms the brain and stimulates the center of life

     

  • Improve vision and hearing

     

  • Improve memory, learning, increase stamina

     

  • Reduce stress

     

  • Good night

Heart and Lungs

  • Improve heart health
  • Inhibits blood clots, improves blood circulation
  • Anti-ischemic heart disease, anti-oxidation of the myocardium
  • Increase myocardial contractility
  • Anti-arrhythmia
  • Controlling cholesterol levels protects the heart against attacks and heart failure, regulates blood pressure and slows down the aging process.
  • Increases the ability of the lungs to absorb oxygen

Reproduction

  • Increase reproductive health
  • Part of the solution to cure male infertility, more
  • Anti Erectile Dysfunction
  • Support to resolve perimenopause symptoms, normalize the endocrine system

Physical

  • Protect muscle injury, prevent metabolic stress
  • Managing metabolic syndrome
  • Reduce fatigue caused by cancer treatment
  • Contributing to atrophy and disappearance of tumors
  • Strengthen the immune system, increase resistance
  • Anti-infection – Prevents colds and flu

Digest

  • Improves digestion and gut health
  • Anti-diuretic
  • Control blood sugar, anti-hypoglycemia
  • Restore liver function

Note:

For people with high blood pressure start taking from the smallest dose of 1-3 teaspoons in 4 hours, in the beginning and gradually increase to the appropriate level.
Pregnant women should not use.

Benefits of Canadian Ginseng

For centuries, ginseng has been used to promote health and vitality. Canadian ginseng was originally used to relieve stress, soothe the body, and strengthen internal organs.

Along with being continuously used as a remedy, ginseng’s popularity is increasing among younger generations as they begin to appreciate the health benefits that ginseng offers. A recent study in Hong Kong and Taiwan conducted by OGGA showed that 62% of respondents used ginseng to: promote health. strengthens the immune system, improves energy and increases Qi (traditional Chinese medicine term associated with qi) (Berland, 2014).

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Other studies reveal that North American ginseng boosts the immune system, acts as an antioxidant, and is also beneficial in dealing with inflammation. Ginseng may normalize stress-induced illnesses, which are believed to be due to the effects of regulatory hormone production and utilization. Containing Adaptogen – a substance that helps normalize bodily functions – ginseng has anti-fatigue, anti-stress and anti-aging effects as well as improving mental and physical performance. (1998)

Canadian Ginseng for Diabetes

Diabetes continues to be an important public health problem according to a 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) report stating that 422 million people suffer from it worldwide. The WHO report also shows that the global prevalence of diabetes in adults over the age of 18 has increased from 4.7% in 1980 to 8.5% in 2014 and the sharp increase is mainly due to the increase of Type II diabetes and its predisposing factors such as obesity. Many studies have looked at the positive effects of North American ginseng on diabetes complications such as glucose regulation and some of the following findings.

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Several studies by researchers at the University have consistently demonstrated that North American ginseng improves glucose metabolism in healthy individuals and those with type 2 diabetes (Vuksan V, 2000). A significant decrease in post-pradial glycemia was measured in type 2 diabetic patients when a 3 mg dose of ginseng was administered orally at any time from 2 hours before a meal (Vuksan V, 2000).

North American ginseng also plays an important role in the management of individuals whose blood glucose levels are elevated but do not cross the diabetes threshold. These individuals are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease in part because of free radical damage to the vascular endothelium and thus hypoglycemia is of significant preventive importance beyond regular medication.

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In another study data showed that extracts of North American ginseng leaves and berries reduced fasting blood sugar, improved glucose handling, and reduced body weight after 12 days of treatment (Xie JT, 2004). (Xie JT M.S., 2005). Ginsenoside Re was identified as an active antidiabetic ingredient in American ginseng extract (Xie JT e. A., 2005).

Ginsenoside Rb1, the main component in North American ginseng root, was found to have anti-diabetic and insulin-sensitizing activity (Shang W, 2007). Rb1 stimulates glucose transport in insulin-sensitive cells by promoting GLUT1 and GLUT4 translocation by partially activating the insulin signaling pathway (Shang W, 2008).

A review of 36 plant cells, involving more than 108 trials and 4,500 individuals is the best evidence supporting North American ginseng’s support for safety and effectiveness in managing diabetes. (Gloria Y, 2003).

See also: What are the effects of ginseng?

Affects the immune system

Notable research shows that North American ginseng extracts are effective in the treatment and prevention of colds and flu. A study of 323 people using North American ginseng extract found a 26% reduction in the incidence of colds and flu, a 56% reduction in recurrences, and a 35% reduction in the number of sick days. Individuals had a significant increase in natural guard cells as well as CD4/CD8 cell lines. This demonstrates enhanced viral immunity (Perdy GN, 2005).

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Impact on the cardiovascular system

Several studies have looked at the role of North American ginseng in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease. The ginsenosides found in high concentrations in North American ginseng, including Rb1, Rb2, and Rb3 have antioxidant effects, capable of preventing LDL oxidation and thus minimizing vascular endothelial damage. (Zhou W, 2004).

Research has also shown that North American ginseng is a treatment for obesity because it lowers cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL and increases HDL levels. In addition, studies have shown that North American ginseng can produce nitric oxide, a vasodilator and muscle relaxant, block calcium channels, prevent platelet adhesion, and catecholamines in hypertension. (Zhou W, 2004)

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Effects on the central nervous system

Ginsenosides have both stimulant and inhibitory effects on the central nervous system (CNS). This is why ginseng is described as an adaptogen as it can have two opposing effects on the body. The effects of ginsenodise Rg1 and Rb1 have been studied with both CNS enhancement, although the latter has a weaker and sometimes even inhibitory effect (Chang Y, 2008). Studies also reveal that Rb1 partially prevents memory deficits and that long-term consumption of ginseng may prevent memory loss by reducing stress, oxidative stress, and up-regulating related proteins in the region. urban (Zhao H, 2009) (Zhao H, 2009).

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A study of diagnosed children noted that deficit hyperactivity disorder showed significant improvements in behavior, mood, and concentration following use in relation to North American ginseng and Ginkgo biloba. (Lyon MR, 2001). Animal studies involving North American ginseng have also shown improvements in acetylcholine metabolism and transmission, which affects learning, memory, and mood and is most affected by chronic stress and change age-related changes (Sloley BD, 1999) (Science, 2001) )

Chemical composition of ginseng

Both Panax quinquefolius (North American Ginseng) and Panax ginseng (Asian Ginseng) contain:

Triterpene saponins (steroid alkaloids with sugar chains) called ginsenosides
Polysaccharides (both soluble/insoluble)
Peptides
Peptidoglycans (non-triterpene saponins)
Phenolics (polyacetylenic alcohols, flavonoids)
Fat axit
Vitamin
Mineral. (Washida D, 2003)

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As ginseng roots age, the total ginsenoside content usually increases to about 4 to 11 percent by weight after four years. More than 30 different ginsenosides have been identified and used to distinguish between Asian and North American ginseng and are divided into two main groups.

Protopanaxdiol ginsenosides (PPD) (Rb1, Rb2, Rc, and Rd)
Protopanaxatriol ginsenosides (PPT) (Re, Rg1 and Rf) account for more than 90% of triterpene saponins in ginseng root.

Approximately 55% of the total ginsenoside content of Panax quinquefolius is Rb1, and no Rf is found in natural or home-grown ginsengs. The main ginsenosides in Panax ginseng are Rg1. In general, Panax quinquefolius has a higher PPD:PPT ginsenoside ratio than Panax Ginseng. (Jackson CC, 2004)

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One of the key features that distinguish Asian and North American ginseng is the ratio of ginsenosides Rb1/Rg1, which is much higher in North American ginseng than in Asian ginseng. About 55% of the ginsenoside content of North American ginseng is Rb1. (Jackson CC, 2004) OGGA believes that the superior quality of ginseng is partly due to the land of their origin. Analyzes of Panax quinquefolius grown in Canada, the United States, and various regions in China, show that Canadian ginseng has the highest ginsenoside content (see table below). (Ji Quan Zhang, 2007)

Total ginsenoside levels of panax quinquefolius grown in different locations with Ontario being the land that is said to be the most productive ginseng with the highest saponin content in the world.

hàm lượng ginsennosides

Origin (Samples were taken from 1-3 locations in each country/region)

* Average percentage of ginsenoside

In addition to ginsenoside, analyzes show that ginseng root contains 8-12% protein, 0.3-1.2% fat, 67-80% carbohydrates, and 16-30 fiber. Among the micronutrients, the following micronutrients predominate:

Potassium
Calcium
Phosphorus
Magnesium
And some other ingredients as stated.

Ginseng content of ginsennosides

Ginsenosides are formed by chemical processes occurring in the ginseng plant, as a result of the genetic code. This is why there is a difference between Asian and North American ginseng. These variations give the ginseng plant different weights and shapes, thereby determining the amount and quality of the ginsenosides.

hàm lượng ginsennosides trong nhân sâm

Ginsenodise is detected by electron ultraviolet light. Thanks to the absorption of light energy at different wavelengths by each molecule, the computer analyzes and calculates the data.

Errors can occur when analyzing ginsenosides using different techniques, conditions, or parts of the ginseng root. Therefore, when analyzing, it is necessary to ensure that the above variables are the same in one laboratory.

Evaluation of the quality of ginseng root

There are many ways to judge the quality of ginseng roots. The main methods used in the industry are outlined below

The shape of the ginseng tuber

Wholesalers and retailers offer a wide variety of ginseng shapes and qualities. Up to 20 different shapes of ginseng roots were collected. This classification system uses the terms common to ginseng manufacturers, however the name may vary between commercial buyers and consumers.

Classification of ginseng tubers

Researchers at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada have developed a classification system of five types of dried root that are distinguished by the shape of the ginseng root encountered in production. This system uses common trading terms, such as:

Spider-shaped – ginseng root 0-2 cm long. This species is very branched and has no tubers.
Fibrous – secondary or tertiary branch roots 2 mm or less in diameter. These roots include secondary roots that are small and broken during drying treatment. They are commonly used in the manufacture of teas and capsules.
Short tubers – tubers 2 cm or more in diameter and less than 5 cm long. Ginseng root accounts for 80% of the weight of the root in its dried form. This category includes valuable products.
Three-branched form – ginseng tubers at least 2cm in diameter and less than 5cm in length. Lateral branches account for 50% or more of the weight of the root in the dry state
Pencil form (long) – ginseng root is 5cm or more in length. These are elongated roots with few branches.

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A study in the Canadian Journal of Plant Science found no difference in ginsenoside levels in spider-shaped, short-bulb, branched, or pencil-shaped roots. Concentrations of Rc, Rb2, Rb3 and Rd are higher in the fiber form because it has a greater surface-to-volume ratio for other conformation types.

Evaluation of the shape of ginseng without roots

Although tuber shape is one factor that determines the quality of a ginseng plant, there are also many other factors including taste, color, aroma, texture, and moisture content.

There are several factors that can affect the quality of ginseng roots including:

Age of ginseng root
Ginsenoside Content: In commercial production, the total concentration of ginsenoside in tubers increased with plant age at the growth stage every four years. The most pronounced increases – about two-thirds – occurred with the ginsenosides Rb1, mRb1 and Re. The total ginsenoside content increased from about 4% in the first year to about 11% in the fourth year. Ginsenoside levels do not increase indefinitely and appear to level off after the sixth year.
Starch and sugar content:  Starch and sugar content: Ginseng root age has little effect on starch and sugar content. Sugar levels increased in concentration over four years from 3% in the first year to 6% in the fourth. During this time, starch concentrations decreased slightly, respectively, from about 55% in the first year to about 49% in the fourth.

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Harvest date
Ginsenoside Content: Total ginsenoside levels decreased by approximately 14% after mid-September and through November. The individual ginsenosides Rb1, Rb2, Rc, Rd, mRd and gypenoside decreased when the harvest date was delayed from mid-August to mid-May. 11.
Starch and sugar content: there is always some amount of starch to sugar conversion. Starch concentration decreased with delay in harvest time. The formation of sucrose accounts for about 80% of the lost starch. The other 20% converts to other carbohydrates and possibly polysaccharides.

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Color of ginseng root
The color of the ginseng roots is slightly darker when harvested from mid-August to mid-September than the tubers harvested the following fall.
Degree of drying
The date of harvest within the normal range did not affect the dried substance content of ginseng roots. The moisture content of the roots and the dry matter level did not change between August and November. The moisture content of dried ginseng roots was generally less than 14% and less than 9% in powdered ginseng.
Quality and safety
Growers regularly submit their ginseng for analysis in an independent laboratory to ensure quality and safety. In one particular study, 20 different samples of ginseng grown throughout Ontario were analyzed. The results showed that the consistent ginsenoside content of the microbial components (bacteria/fungi) was much lower than the acceptable range, and heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Hg, Mo) could not be detected. Ni and Pb). (Jachson CC, Evaluation of Ontario-grown ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L) nutrient content and food safety, 2004)

Plant Protection Regulations in Canada

All crop protection products used in Canada must be approved by the Pest Management Authority (PMRA), a division of Health Canada. Canada has one of the most stringent product residue monitoring and control systems in the world. Before reaching anywhere near our food production system, products undergo years of testing and testing to ensure they have minimal effects on human health, plant health and environment. The PMRA sets a maximum residue limit (MRL) for each product, which is the amount of residue at harvest that is known to be safe for consumption.

These limits are set above Health Canada’s standards. The products used in ginseng are approved by Health Canada and indicate on the label the application rate, frequency of application, period of time to avoid contact with the growing area after application, and time before harvest. safety information and plans. All treatments for ginseng are used on a wide range of fruit and vegetable crops in Canada. There are no products that are used solely on ginseng

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